The Automobil-Verkehrs- und Übungsstraße (‘Automobile traffic and training road’), better known as AVUS, is a public road in Berlin, Germany. Opened in 1921, it is the oldest controlled-access highway in Europe. Until 1998 it was also used as a motor racing circuit. Today the AVUS forms the northern part of the Bundesautobahn 115. Tony Brooks won the only F1 German Grand Prix race hold here in 1959. Today this old wooden grandstand is protected as a historic monument.